THE RULES APPLYING TO SAILING SMALL VESSELS

As I have already mentioned, this guide is not the complete navigation rules to be applied in Hungary, but it contains the most common rules of the Hungarian Navigation Regulations only.

Some general rules and pieces of advice

  1. At Lake Balaton, small vessels can be propelled by an inboard or outboard internal combustion engine in the following cases ONLY: in harbours and in the zone of 300 m of harbours, in the ferry channel between Tihany-rév and Szántód-rév and in the zones of 300 m on both sides of this channel as well as in case of medical emergency, rescue, accident, gale warning or glass calm to the nearest harbour.
  2. When a vessel and a small vessel are in crossing situation so as to involve risk of collision, the small vessel shall clear of the stretch of waters necessary for the vessel to manoeuvre and to keep her way and cannot require the vessel to clear of the way of the small vessel.
    ATTENTION! If A craft with a hull length less then 20 m exhibits an all-round yellow diamond, she shall be regarded as a vessel.
  3. When on a collision course, sailing boats and sport craft shall be regarded as sailing small vessels so rules applying to sailing small vessels shall be applied to them.
  4. Even if you sail a stand-on small vessel it is advisable for you to be prepared to get out of way of a give-way vessel in case of necessity.
  5. If passenger ships and ferries in service according to schedule are requesting other craft in the vicinity of harbours to facilitate their manoeuvring may exhibit:
    - a green flag, in daytime, and
    - an all-round green light above the masthead light for passenger ships and above the all-round green light for ferries at night.
    And, of course, you will respect their request and facilitate their manoeuvring.
  6. On sailing, you may meet people bathing and using boats and sport craft under oar or sail, for the operation of which there is no need for any certificate of competence, and who, like a lot of people riding a bicycle, have no idea about the rules. In such cases, it is you who have to be very cautious in order not to jeopardize their life.

Rules applying to small vessels

  1. When two small vessels under power are crossing so as to involve risk of collision, the small vessel which has the other on her own starboard side shall keep out of the way and shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid crossing ahead of the other small vessel
  2. When two small vessels of different types are crossing so as to involve risk of collision, the following rules shall be applied:
    • the power-driven small vessel shall clear of the way of the other small vessel that is not a power-driven small vessel;
    • a small vessel that is not a power-driven one shall clear of the way of small vessels under sail.
  3. When two sailing small vessels are crossing so as to involve risk of collision, the following rules shall be applied:
    • a small vessel on a port tack should give way to the one on a starboard tack;
    • when on the same tack, the windward small vessel should give way to the leeward one;
    • if a small vessel sailing on a port tack and the tack on which the other boat is sailing cannot be established she shall give way to the other boat.
  4. If a small vessel under power catches up a small vessel under sail, she can overtake the other small vessel on the leeward side of the boat overtaken, keeping a distance of at least 20 m from the side of the boat being overtaken.
  5. When two small vessels under power are in a head-on situation, they shall pass port to port.
  6. When boats, sport craft or small vessels are crossing so as to involve risk of collision, the craft which has the other on her own starboard side shall keep out of the way of the other craft.
  7. In a head-on or crossing situation, a power-driven boat or a power-driven small vessel shall clear of the way of a boat or a sport craft or a small vessel under oar.
  8. In a head-on or crossing situation, a small vessel or boat under power or oar shall give way to small vessels, boats and sport craft under sail.
  9. Small vessels shall not cross the way of vessels underway within 500 m, and shall keep distances of 60 m from the stern and 30 m from the side of such vessels.
  10. With the exception of rescue, small vessels under power shall keep a distance of 30 m from a person overboard in such a way that the person overboard should be between the small vessel and the shore or the attending craft.
  11. All craft shall keep a distance of at least 150 m from vessels engaged in fishing.
  12. Bathing outside places assigned for bathing. Any member of the company aboard a craft can go overboard for bathing with the skipper's permit only. The skipper shall keep attending the bathing company until they are in safe.